Інформація призначена тільки для фахівців сфери охорони здоров'я, осіб,
які мають вищу або середню спеціальну медичну освіту.

Підтвердіть, що Ви є фахівцем у сфері охорони здоров'я.



СІМЕЙНІ ЛІКАРІ ТА ТЕРАПЕВТИ
день перший
день другий

НЕВРОЛОГИ, НЕЙРОХІРУРГИ, ЛІКАРІ ЗАГАЛЬНОЇ ПРАКТИКИ, СІМЕЙНІ ЛІКАРІ

КАРДІОЛОГИ, СІМЕЙНІ ЛІКАРІ, РЕВМАТОЛОГИ, НЕВРОЛОГИ, ЕНДОКРИНОЛОГИ

СТОМАТОЛОГИ

ІНФЕКЦІОНІСТИ, СІМЕЙНІ ЛІКАРІ, ПЕДІАТРИ, ГАСТРОЕНТЕРОЛОГИ, ГЕПАТОЛОГИ
день перший
день другий

ТРАВМАТОЛОГИ

ОНКОЛОГИ, (ОНКО-ГЕМАТОЛОГИ, ХІМІОТЕРАПЕВТИ, МАМОЛОГИ, ОНКО-ХІРУРГИ)

ЕНДОКРИНОЛОГИ, СІМЕЙНІ ЛІКАРІ, ПЕДІАТРИ, КАРДІОЛОГИ ТА ІНШІ СПЕЦІАЛІСТИ

ПЕДІАТРИ ТА СІМЕЙНІ ЛІКАРІ

АНЕСТЕЗІОЛОГИ, ХІРУРГИ

"Emergency medicine" №2(97), 2019

Back to issue

Caudal analgesia after ventral hernioplastic: technical difficulties and side effects

Authors: D.O. Dziuba(1, 2), V.V. Donec(2), S.M. Byshovets(1), V.M. Lysenko(1)
(1) — Shupyk National Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education, Kyiv, Ukraine
(2) — Kyiv Regional Clinical Hospital, Kyiv, Ukraine

Categories: Medicine of emergency

Sections: Medical forums

print version

Background. Patients with ventral hernia after hernioplastyc have a hard postoperative pain. Statistically strong and very strong pain had 17–26 % of operated. The most effective way to deal with the pain syndroms is to use epidural analgesia. Caudal anesthesia (CA) is a one of the types of epidural analgesia. CA has a significant advantage in use, such as simplicity and safety performance, reliable analgesic effect, no significant pharmacological burden on the patient, a minimal effect on hemodynamics and respiration of the patient. Single injection has a long effect. The purpose was to improve the quality of postoperative analgesia in patients after ventral hernia hernioplastyc by using CA by solution of bupivacaine combined with morphine, and to identify complications and side effects of this method. Materials and methods. 40 patients were studied in the Kiev Regional Hospital (24 women and 16 men). The hernioplastyc on the ventral hernia was routinely performed to all of the patients. Total anesthesia i was carried out. A postoperative analgesia was performed by ketolong at a dose of 30 mg every 8 hours. Patients performed the spacecraft in the side by 0.125% bupivacaine combined with 4 mg of morphine in the volume of 60 ml (patent of Ukraine № 51615). Clinical parameters of patients: age — 43,0 ± 3,8 years, body weight — 81,5 ± 4,6 kg, body mass index — 26,8 ± 3,1 kg/m2. All patients monitored blood pressure (BP) — systolic and diastolic, respiration rate (RR), saturation (SpO2). Measurements were conducted by the field of functional monitor UTAS. The assessment was performed: after 1, 3, 8, 24 and 48 hours after surgery. Results. According to our experience of caudal blockade among technical difficulties we all faced with subcutaneous injection of anesthetic solution. This problem arose in 7.5 % of patients (3 cases). However, after repeated puncture of caudal space, despite some displacement of anatomical landmarks, re injection was successful in 66%. According to the literature, the most frequent complications is vascular puncture of caudal space. However, the performance of our research we have faced with 2,5 % of this kind complication. This complication should pay particular attention to internally vascular infusion of local anesthetic. In re 100 % CA was successful and no other further complications. With the inability of the injection we faced in 5 % (2 patients). In 2,5 % (1 case) was due to the fact that a transferred purulent infection in the patient's coccyx was not possible to reach the caudal space. A 2,5 % (1 case) was not able to differentiate anatomical landmarks due to obesity IV degree. In our research we have not experienced respiratory depression. At all stages of the study was not observed significant decrease of respiratory frequency and saturation. Nausea and vomiting after the injection was observed in 7 patients (17,5 %). It should be noted, that it was conducted in patients with early postoperative period. We can not separate it from postnarcosis effects. Itchy skin was observed in 10 % (4 cases) and subjectively was moderate and did not cause complaints by the patients. Itching disappeared own without medication correction by 6,4 ± 1,9 hours. Delay urinating in our study we observed in 7.5 % of patients (3 cases). This side effect disappeared without medication correction by 5,7 ± 1,1 hours. Conclusions. So once carried cargo for postoperative analgesia has the following significant advantages: simplicity and safety performance, reliable and long las-ting analgesic effect, no significant pharmacological stress patients and a small number of technical difficulties.

 


Bibliography

1. Бишовець С.М., Дзюба Д.О. Досвід застосування каудальної аналгезії бупівакаїном у поєднанні з морфіном для післяопераційного знеболювання хворих після герніопластики вентральних гриж: переваги, ускладнення та побічні ефекти // Український медичний часопис. — 2011. — № 3(83). — С. 110-112.
2. Wheatly R.G., Schug S.A., Watson D. Safety and efficacy of epidural analgesia // Br. J. Analg. — 2001. — Vol. 87. — P. 47-61.
3. Бишовець С.М. та ін. Особливості застосування каудальної аналгезії розчином бупівакаїну у поєднанні з бупренорфіном при ендоваскулярних оперативних втручаннях на периферичних артеріях / С.М. Бишовець, Д.О. Дзюба, О.А. Галушко, С.В. Верещагін, В.В. Донець // Медицина неотложных состояний. — 2017. — № 1(80). — С. 99-101.

Back to issue